Olympos Cirali Tour

The ancient site of Olympos dates back to Hellenistic times when it was an important Lycian city presumably taking its name from the nearby Mount Olympos. It located on a beautiful sandy bay called Adrasan, the ruins are spread out on either side of the Ulupinar river and include a Byzantine bath house with mosaic floors, a marble temple entrance, a theatre and excavated tombs. The shoreline is also an important protected nesting site for sea turtles. After a short drive we'll arrive at Chimera which became famous as a place of worship honouring Hephaestus or Vulcan , the God of Fire. On the rocky slopes above the ancient city are a series of eternal flames. These are caused by the combustion of natural gas seeping out of the top of the mountain. The fire that comes out of the ground is said to be coming from the mount of Chimera, a mythical fire breathing monster with the head of a lion, the body of a goat and a snakes tail, that was slain by a Lydian Hero, Bellerophon on his winged horse Pegasus. After Chimera we will stop for lunch at the Ulupinar river, where we will eat at tables set over the running waters. It's recommended that you wear comfortable walking shoes on this trip.OLYMPOS
Olympos is an ancient city which is located in a valley at the south coast of Turkey, 90 km southwest of Antalya city near the Town of Kumluca.The former city of Olympos was founded in the Hellenistic period, presumably taking its name from nearby Mount Olympos (Turkish: Tahtalı Dağı, Timber Mountain), one of over twenty mountains with the name Olympos in the Classical world.From these mountains of the Solymi, according to Homer, the god Poseidon looked out to sea and saw Odysseus sailing away from Calypso's island, and called up a great storm that wrecked him on the shores of the island of Nausicaa.

HELENISTIC PERIOD
The Hellenistic period or Hellenistic era of history is the period which followed the conquests of Alexander the Great. It was so named by the historian J. G. Droysen. During this time, Greek cultural influence and power was at its zenith in Europe and Asia. It is often considered a period of transition, sometimes even of decline or decadence,between the brilliance of the Greek Classical era and the emergence of the Roman Empire.Usually taken to begin with the death of Alexander in 323 BC, the Hellenistic period may be seen to end either with the final conquest of the Greek heartlands by Rome in 146 BC or with the final defeat of the last remaining successor-state to Alexander's empire after the Battle of Actium in 31 BC.


HEPHAESTUS
Hephaestus was associated by Greek colonists in southern Italy with the volcano gods Adranus (of Mount Etna) and Vulcanus of the Lipari islands. The first-century sage Apollonius of Tyana is said to have observed, "there are many other mountains all over the earth that are on fire, and yet we should never be done with it if we assigned to them giants and gods like Hephaestus".

ULUPINAR RIVER
Ulupınar is a village situated 30 kilometres from the district centre of Kemer, in Turkey's Antalya Province. It is on the outskirts of the Olympos Valley National Park, famous for its eternal fire, and commands a region of stunning natural beauty. Particularly noted areas are the dense woods and the source of a river (which gives its name to the region; pınar meaning water source in Turkish) where icy waters spurt out from rocks at an altitude and descends in a waterfall. There are several restaurants situated along the river near the village, which is on the axis of the road from Kemer to Finike and Kumluca, and these serve trout from the river as well as more varied dishes.

SEA TURTLES OLYMPOS
The beach is well known for the Caretta caretta (Loggerhead sea turtle), an endangered species that has existed for about 45 million years.International animal protection organizations monitor and protect the turtles' nesting grounds in Turkey.The beach is closed between 20.00 and 8:00 hours during the period that the turtles lay their eggs and hatchlings go out to sea (May to October).

CHIMAERA , YANARTAS
Mount Chimaera was a place or places in ancient Lycia, notable for volcanic phenomena and said by some ancient sources to be the origin of the myth of the Chimera.Ctesias is the oldest traceable author to offer this euhemerizing theory. This was the citation given by Pliny the Elder, who in his second book of Historia Naturalis identified the Chimaera with the permanent gas vents in Mount Chimera, in the country of the ancient Lycian city of Phaselis, which he described as being "on fire", adding that it "...indeed burned with a flame that does not die by day or night". Pliny was quoted by Photius and Agricola, although the exact location of the mountain described by Strabo is still open to debate.

PEGASUS
Pegasus is one of the best known mythological creatures in Greek mythology. He is a winged divine horse, or pterippus, usually depicted as white in colour. He was sired by Poseidon, in his role as horse-god, and foaled by the Gorgon Medusa. He was the brother of Chrysaor, born at a single birthing when his mother was decapitated by Perseus. Greco-Roman poets write about his ascent to heaven after his birth and his obeisance to Zeus, king of the gods, who instructed him to bring lightning and thunder from Olympus. Friend of the Muses, Pegasus is the creator of Hippocrene, the fountain on Mt. Helicon. He was captured by the Greek hero Bellerophon near the fountain Peirene with the help of Athena and Poseidon. Pegasus allows the hero to ride him to defeat a monster, the Chimera, before realizing many other exploits. His rider, however, falls off his back trying to reach Mount Olympus. Zeus transformed him into the constellation Pegasus and placed him up in the sky.

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